Completed exposure pathway:

A pathway of exposure is considered completed when all five elements are present. A completed pathway connects the source of the material to people.

  1. Source
  2. Media
  3. Exposure point
  4. Exposure route
  5. People

Source: EPA

Will exposure from a completed pathway affect my health?

Whether or not a person experiences health effects from exposure to materials in the environment depends on a combination of several site-specific factors including.

  • Kind of material released
  • Amount of material available at the exposure point
  • Physical and chemical form of the material
  • Environmental conditions
  • Length of exposure time

epidemiological environmental health surveys at majcoms

1991-xx-xx – George AFB’s Missing Completed Exposure Pathways Assessment

The Air Force refused to release the pre-1991 epidemiological, environmental, and health investigations conducted at George AFB that were requested under FOIA. These studies may be the result of Congressman Brown’s 1990 request to Major General Burton R. Moore to investigate the radioactive contamination at George AFB. [Read More…]

Caution Hazardous Chemicals Sign

George AFB’s Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP)

Victorville Army Airfield / George Air Force Base (AFB) used organochlorine pesticides, before they were banned, to protect its buildings against termites and other pests. The following pesticides and their breakdown products were detected under and around the George AFB Family Housing: aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, and lindane. The levels of aldrin, dieldrin, and chlordane and their breakdown products were so [Read More…]

Danger Pesticides

George AFB’s Organochlorine Pesticides Contamination

In 2002, aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, and lindane were detected in the surface soil at the George AFB Family Housing. In 2005 the Air Force advised the City of Victorville that the levels of pesticides detected at the Base Family Housing “could present a danger to human health if soils are inhaled, ingested, or contacted by skin.” On 1 October 2007, the levels of [Read More…]

Radioactive Waste Disposal Site at George AFB SEDA

– George AFB’s Weapons Storage and Assembly Area and Southeast Disposal Area

The Southeast Disposal Area’s RW-09 radioactive disposal site is physically located about a ¼ mile upstream of the Drinking Water Supply Wells for George AFB, Adelanto, CA, several homes, and the former Victor Valley Country Club.  Unfortunately, the groundwater flows northeast from the SEDA, directly toward these drinking water supply wells.  This created a potential exposure to tens of thousands of civilians, and military [Read More…]

Danger Radiation

George AFB’s Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing Decontamination Centers

In 2016, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Radiologic Health Branch investigated the radiological decontamination centers at George AFB.  CDPH concluded that there were historical documents that demonstrate that aircraft were decontaminated at George AFB and the Air Force has NOT publicly acknowledged the radiological contamination or the cleanup of this possible radiological contamination. With the recent declassification and/or release of documents, [Read More…]

Danger Burn Pits

George AFB’s Burn Pits and Incinerators

The Burn Pits and Incinerators at George Air Force Base provided a Completed Exposure Pathway (CEP). Burn Pits and Incinerators → known carcinogens and respiratory sensitizers →  air → civilians, military personnel and their family members The Department of Defense (DOD) and Air Force failed to notify the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) of this potential exposure pathway for the Health Assessment of George AFB. George Air Force [Read More…]

Danger Non-Potable Water

Industrial Waste – Completed Exposure Pathways

From 1965 to 1 December 1981 (16 years), the Air Force dumped 5,578,400 gallons of industrial waste containing known carcinogens into the sanitary sewer, which emptied into the sewage treatment plant (STP), and the STP discharged directly into the STP’s percolation ponds. However, the Air Force determined that the unlined percolation ponds, the soil, and the groundwater were NOT contaminated based on one [Read More…]

logo ATSDR Public Health Assessment No Completed Exposure Pathways

Request For A New Public Health Assessment (PHA)

I am requesting that the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) conduct a new Public Health Assessment for the former George Air Force Base, CA, “EPA Superfund ID: CA2570024453.” From the ATSDR’s Public Health Assessment for George AFB, dated December 1, 1998, Pages 28 – 29. On the basis of available data, ATSDR concludes that exposure to contaminants in groundwater and soil at George [Read More…]

Logo George AFB’s Housing Parcel Deed Restrictions

George AFB’s Family Housing – Completed Exposure Pathways

ATSDR Public Health Assessment for George Air Force Base, CA In the 1998 Public Health Assessment for George Air Force Base the ATSDR made the following statements: “ATSDR did not identify any completed exposure pathways from George AFB to children at nearby schools or residential areas.” Page 27 “Soil at George AFB does not represent an apparent past public health hazard and does not represent [Read More…]

Domestic Water Supply Wells

Drinking Water – Completed Exposure Pathways

George Air Force Base’s contaminated drinking water provided a Completed Exposure Pathway (CEP) Supply wells → water → civilians, military personnel and their family members, and surrounding community This contaminated drinking water provided the following “Completed Exposure Pathways” Ingestion: Drinking water, cooking Dermal Contact: bathing, showering, swimming pool, occupational exposures Inhalation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs): showering, swamp coolers The Department of Defense (DOD) and Air Force [Read More…]

George Elementary School

George AFB’s Schools – Completed Exposure Pathways

Several people have reported that they, family members, friends, or coworkers from the George AFB schools have cancer. If you worked at or were a student at one of the schools on George AFB and have health problems, please contact us. Expedited Environmental Assessment and Cleanup The former George Air Force Base, CA, “EPA Superfund ID: CA2570024453″ was redeveloped under President Clinton’s expedited environmental cleanup “Fast-Track“. The [Read More…]

Danger Lead Based Paint

George AFB’s Lead Based Paint Contamination

Most facilities and buildings at George AFB were constructed before the DOD banned the use of lead based paint (LBP), in 1978, and are likely to contain one or more coats of such paint.  In addition, some facilities constructed immediately after the ban may also contain LBP, because the inventories of these paints that were in the supply network were likely to have [Read More…]

Danger Asbestos

George AFB’s Asbestos Contamination

“There are 1,970 buildings on-base (including 1,641 housing units) with a total square footage of floor space of 4,629,926, approximately 10 percent of which has been surveyed for asbestos. Forty percent of those facilities tested had asbestos containing materials (ACM) (80% nonfriable, 20% friable).”  Page 11 Title:   A Preliminary Review of Environmental Requirements and Concerns Based on the Proposed Closure of George [Read More…]

George AFB HTRW Sites Lahontan RWQCB

George AFB’s Hazardous Toxic and Radioactive Waste Sites

Potential Contaminants of Concern at the former George Air Force Base, CA, “EPA Superfund ID: CA2570024453” Asbestos Containing Materials (ACM), Aviation [Avgas], Benzene, Chlordane, Diesel, Explosives (UXO, MEC) [Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) / Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC)], Gasoline, Heating Oil / Fuel Oil, MTBE / TBA / Other Fuel Oxygenates, Munitions Debris (MD), Nitrate, Other Insecticides [Dieldrin] / Pesticide / Fumigants / Herbicides, Other [Read More…]


I am not a doctor or attorney, and cannot give medical advice or legal advice.

If you, a friend, or loved one has been injured or died as a result of the contamination at a DOD Superfund Site please follow the steps that are outlined at Get Help.

The views and opinions expressed in this website/articles are those of the authors and
do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any agency of the U.S. government